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Reinhold Rehabilitation Hamilton

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is where the skull and lower jaw meet. Usually, the temporomandibular joints are pain-free and can move with little problem. Because the muscles and joints work together, a problem with either one can lead to pain, stiffness, headaches, bite problems, or a locked jaw.

Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders.

  1. First visit your family dentist.
    Your dentist will determine if you need dental intervention, an appliance or if you need a referral to a specialist.

  2. Physiotherapy for TMJ disorders
    A Registered Physiotherapist specifically trained in temporomandibular joint evaluations will assess your posture and perform a detailed assessment of your neck, jaw and facial structure.

  3. You will be provided with a specific neuromuscular exercise program addressing the postural muscles and the muscles in the neck, shoulders and specifically around the TMJs.

    Manual Therapy may be required as well as modalities such as ultrasound, acupuncture, heat and/or electrical stimulation to decrease pain and discomfort. Relaxation and stress management forms an integral part of your therapy, as does a regular fitness and exercise program.

    Nutrition and proper sleep hygiene are areas that must be addressed. Any underlying psychological issues must be dealt with for treatment to be effective.


What are the FEES?

Extended Health Care Benefits or Car Insurance Benefits (if your injury is secondary to a car accident) generally cover our fees.

If you have a TMJ problem & would like an assessment for treatment, please do not hesitate to call Reinhold Rehabilitation Services at (905) 547-6461 to schedule a consultation.

What are causes of TMJ pain?
  • Tight Muscles from stress, teeth clenching/grinding.
  • Poor Posture causes the muscles to tighten.
  • Damaged joints can occur from injuries or from arthritis of the neck.
  • Whiplash injuries often cause TMJ pain. The pain can develop long after the initial injury.
  • Muscles Provide Power. Around the jaw joint are groups of muscles that contract and relax so you can open and close your mouth, talk, and chew. When they are flexible and not under stress, they work in harmony with other parts of the jaw.
Are Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders Permanent?

The condition is often cyclical and may recur during times of stress. The symptomatic periods can usually be managed using simple self treatment techniques. Lifestyle management is a key element in understanding and coping with TMJ pain.

What are some of the symptoms of TMJ disorder?
  • Pain in the jaw joints, face, neck and head.
  • Painful clicking, popping, grating.
  • Locking of the jaw with opening or closing the mouth.
  • Difficulty and/or pain with opening the mouth to eat or yawn.
  • Frequent headaches that get worse with stress and/or clenching of the teeth.
  • Worn down teeth.